The cost of commodity concrete is the focus of the work of concrete production enterprises, but also the fundamental guarantee for the realization of profits, the cost of concrete directly affects the profitability of enterprises and the competitiveness of enterprises. The author believes that the cost of commodity concrete, including raw material costs, production management costs, incident handling costs, human resources costs and the cost of production and other factors. These factors interact with each other and form a unified whole. It is unreasonable to ignore the cost control measures of one or several factors.
Raw materials are the basic materials of concrete production, the quality of raw materials directly affect the quality of concrete, raw material prices also affect the level of concrete costs. The usual case is that the quality of raw materials is higher, while the quality of raw materials is lower. The price of raw materials become the main factor controlling the purchasing department of concrete production enterprises, but the lower the cost of raw materials tend to be lower cost it? How should we choose and control of raw materials, in order to ensure the quality of concrete under the premise of reducing the cost of concrete is the concrete business operators to think about.
2.production management cost control
Many concrete enterprises put the center of gravity of concrete cost control on laboratory and laboratory directors, believing that as long as the cost of concrete mix is low, the cost of concrete is low. The level of concrete costs and the production of concrete has a great relationship. Laboratory control of concrete mix test with less controllable factors, can be said to be made under the ideal conditions, and uncontrollable factors in concrete production much more than the test. Commodity concrete to go through mixing, transportation, pouring, vibrating, curing and other processes to form the final product, not a simple one with the ratio can be controlled. First of all, from the agitation point of view, the agitator operators are generally part of the production department and laboratory personnel work with them. Equipment operators lack of basic knowledge of concrete, in the actual production process only by observing slump and ammeter current changes in production, in a sense is to mix with the concrete people who do not know in production. Secondly, from the perspective of transportation, the backlog of construction vehicles and the traffic conditions during transportation all have an impact on the concrete cost. Finally, the concrete construction process can also affect the cost of concrete, for example, the performance requirements of concrete pumps vary by pump and pump.
Incident handling costs are hidden costs of commodity concrete enterprises, is not easy to find, but it can not be ignored cost. Incident handling costs include engineering quality accident handling, personnel injury accident handling. The final quality of commercial concrete is controlled by many factors such as mix proportion of concrete, production, transportation, pouring and post-curing. Once the quality accident occurs, it is very difficult to find the reason accurately. As a vulnerable group, concrete enterprises are bound to participate in the handling of concrete quality accidents. Certain economic loss. Therefore, concrete enterprises in the control of raw materials, design a reasonable mix, in strict accordance with the ratio of production at the same time, in the process of concrete pouring to the construction unit to remind the construction. For illegal operation of construction units to do forensics work, and in strict accordance with the procedure site sampling. Commercial concrete enterprises often encounter traffic accidents and industrial accidents in the production process. This part of accidents can be promptly solved by strengthening staff safety education, finding problems promptly, and handling the accidents in their infancy to reduce the occurrence of accidents.
4.concrete fixed costs and floating costs
The fixed costs of concrete enterprises include: staff salaries, office communications costs, equipment depreciation costs, depreciation of fixed assets and vehicle insurance and so on. Floating costs of concrete include: spontaneous combustion disasters and accidents, social uncontrollable operating mechanism brought about by the uncontrollable costs, mechanical maintenance costs, capital fund interest payments, bad debts project debt costs, production safety and other expenses and so on. For these concrete costs should be monthly, quarterly comparative analysis, reduce unnecessary expenses, good corporate budget.